More people are jostling for space in the city which now has a population density of 4,378 people per sq km.
Bangalore has nearly doubled its population over the previous decade with the citys urban area now home to 9.5 million people according to the provisional estimates of the Census of India.More people are jostling for space in the countrys technology capital which now has a population density of 4,378 people per square kilometre up from 2,985 in 2001.The city which saw its population grow by 46.68% between 2001 and 2011,now accounts for almost a fifth of the total population of 6.11 crore residents across Karnataka state.
Even as the state capital accounts for 15.69% of the overall residents,Karnataka has registered lower population growth of 15.67% in this decade compared to the national average of 17.64%.Population growth this decade in the state is also 1.84% lower than the previous figure of 17.51% during 1991-2001.In contrast,Bangalore has exceeded the 35.09% growth recorded in the previous census survey between 1991 and 2001.Attributing this massive population growth in Bangalore to the growing economic opportunities,Prof KS James,head,Population Research Centre,Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC),said the challenge now was to match burgeoning population growth with basic amenities.The authorities did not anticipate such a massive increase and there will be increasing strain on providing basic services, said Prof James.
With migration into the city expected to continue in the coming years,the only alternative would be to develop other nearby locations such as Tumkur and Mysore.Bangalore with a population growth of 15.69% is the most populous district followed by Belgaum,Mysore,Tumkur,Gulbarga and Bellary.Kodagu and Bangalore Rural are the only rural districts in the state with a population of less than one million.While Bangalore,Bellary,Yadgir and Bijapur have shown higher growth rates (than the one witnessed in 1991-2001 ),Chikmagalur was the only district that saw a negative growth (- 0.28%) during 2001-2011.
The states sex ratio (which is the number of females per 1,000 males),increased from 965 to 968 during the decade with Bangalore having the lowest number at 908,a constant over the decade.Kodagu,Chickmagalur,Chamarajanagar,Dharwad,Shimoga and Mysore have seen a increase in the sex ratio.The literacy rate of the state has increased from 66.64% in 2001 to 75.60% in 2011.Male literacy increased from 76.10% in 2001 to 82.85% in 2011 while female literacy jumped from 56.87% in 2001 to 68.13% in 2011.